High-level politicians lead the way in African crackdown on human rights.
One big area where human rights are weak across Africa is on homosexuality. The continent has some of the harshest anti-gay laws in the world. And Tanzania is the latest country to hit the news for its assault on homosexual citizens.
President John Magufuli is leading this attack. He said in a recent speech that NGOs campaigning for gay rights should be challenged. And he insisted: Those who teach such things do not like us, brothers. They brought us drugs and homosexual practices that even cows disapprove of
Home Affairs Minister Mwigulu Nchemba, meanwhile, said that people campaigning for gay rights would face arrest. And he stressed: Those who want to campaign for gay rights should find another country that allows those things
And it’s not just the LGBTQ community which has been a target. Magufuli’s government has reportedly also arrested journalists and censored media outlets.
A worrying trendThe ruling CCM party has been in power for decades, but has gradually moved away from its progressive roots and towards neoliberalism. And its recent spike in anti-gay rhetoric may well be an attempt to keep voter support by attacking an often marginalised section of society. Especially considering that, in one 2007 poll, 95% of Tanzanians said ‘homosexuality should be rejected’; and considering that gay sex is illegal in dozens of African countries (including Tanzania), with such relations being punishable by death in Mauritania and Sudan.
Referring to Tanzania’s current government, Amnesty International has said:The administration is moving in a repressive direction and that cannot be tolerated, whether it’s LGBTI, whether it’s journalists, whether it’s civil society organizations who are registered by law to conduct what is legitimate business.Regarding the LGBTQ community in particular, authorities have shut down dozens of health centres treating AIDS patients, accusing them of promoting homosexuality. The deputy health minister, meanwhile, threatened at one point to publish a list of gay people in the country. He also said that anal examinations would become more common in the country (to check whether men had been involved in homosexual sex or not).
All of this is in spite of African scientists recognising that diverse sexuality is normal. The Academy of Science South Africa, for example, believes there is a wealth of scientific studies which show sexual orientation is determined biologically.