January 26, 2015 – Reported by the National Post – In what’s being called the most comprehensive policy of its kind in Canada, inmates in Ontario will be assessed and housed based on their gender identity — not their anatomy.
Under the new policy, inmates will be placed in facilities that take into account their own gender identity and preferences. They will also be referred to as their chosen name and pronouns (such as he, her or the gender-neutral ze), be able to retain prosthesis used for gender expression and have a choice in the gender of staff performing searches.
Previously, transgender or otherwise non-gender conforming inmates were assessed on their “primary sexual characteristic,” which typically boiled down to their genitalia. Those who had not had sex reassignment surgery were often misgendered by staff and placed in facilities that did not match their gender.
The new policy was created after consultation with law enforcement, corrections staff and transgender advocates, a move that Susan Gapka called “groundbreaking.”…story continues below…